Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization Organization
LHC Group, Inc. (the “Company”) is a health care provider specializing in the post-acute continuum of care. The Company provides services through five segments: home health, hospice, home and community-based services, facility-based services, the latter primarily through long-term acute care hospitals ("LTACHs"), and healthcare innovations ("HCI").
As of December 31, 2020, the Company, through its wholly and majority-owned subsidiaries, equity joint ventures, controlled affiliates, and management agreements, operated 827 service providers in 35 states within the continental United States and the District of Columbia.
The effects of the worldwide pandemic caused by the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) have materially impacted our business. 
In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, we promptly convened a cross-functional COVID-19 task force comprised of the Company's leaders that continually communicates with our clinicians and other employees concerning best practices and changes in Company policies and procedures. We also implemented contingency planning policies, whereby most employees in our home offices located in Louisiana and Kentucky are continuing to work remotely in compliance with CDC recommendations. We continue to invest in technology and equipment that allows our remote work force to provide continued and seamless functionality to our clinicians who continue to care for patients on service.
We have undertaken numerous measures to promote the safety of our clinicians and other employees. For example, we have prepared and distributed to our clinicians across the country special kits of personal protective equipment and other supplies needed to properly treat our patients during the COVID-19 outbreak, adopted social distancing guidelines for our agencies and our home offices located in Louisiana and Kentucky and posted reminder signs and markers throughout our work spaces, adopted additional cleaning procedures at all locations, installed plexiglass shields at work spaces that require a physical protective barrier, and instituted temperature check points in our agencies and home office campuses. These and other measures have altered numerous clinical, operational and business processes and significantly increases our supplies and services costs.
In addition, we have implemented a number of programs to support our employees, including a pandemic grant program that supports employees experiencing financial hardships, retirement plan amendments, special cash-in opportunities for accumulated paid time off, expanded offerings in our employee assistance program, a wage supplement program designed to restore lost wages for front line patient care employees that qualified, and a paid time off replenishment program designed to restore certain hours of paid time off for front line patient care employees that qualified and for any employees who previously donated their paid time off hours to these front line patient care employees.
In response to COVID-19, the U.S. Government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act was passed to provide $100 billion of Provider Relief Funds for distribution to eligible providers who provided diagnoses, testing, or care for individuals with a possible or actual case of COVID-19, specifically to reimburse providers for health care related expenses related to the prevention of the spread of COVID-19, preparations for treating cases of COVID-19 positive patients, and for lost revenues attributable to COVID-19. The CARES Act also provided financial hardship relief to Medicare providers impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in order to provide necessary funds when there is a disruption in Medicare claims submission and/or Medicare claims processing by distributing funds through the Accelerated and Advanced Payments Program ("AAPP").
In addition, the CARES Act suspended the 2% sequestration payment adjustments on Medicare patient claims with dates of service from May 1 through December 31, 2020, suspended the application of site-neutral payment for LTACH admissions that were admitted during the Public Health Emergency ("PHE"), and delayed payment of the employer portion of social security tax.
Provider Relief Fund
During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, the Company received $93.3 million in payments from the Provider Relief Fund. Based on the Company's improved and projected financial results, the Company intends to return these funds to the government and has recorded a short-term liability of $93.3 million in government stimulus advance in our consolidated balance sheets.
During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, the Company received $318.0 million of accelerated payments under the AAPP, which was recorded in contract liabilities - deferred revenue in our consolidated balance sheets in accordance with Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("Topic 606"). When we received these AAPP funds in April 2020, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ("CMS") issued guidance that any AAPP funds that were not then repaid to CMS would be automatically recouped from Medicare amounts otherwise payable to us by CMS beginning 120 days after our receipt of such funds, until all AAPP funds have been completely repaid to or recouped by CMS.
On October 1, 2020, the repayment and recoupment terms for AAPP funds were amended by the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2021 and Other Extensions Act, which provides that recoupment will begin one year from the date the AAPP funds were received. Under these revised terms, recoupment of AAPP will occur under a tiered approach. Beginning in the second quarter of 2021 and continuing for 11 months, CMS will recoup 25% of Medicare payments otherwise owed to the Company. If any amount of AAPP funds that we received from CMS remain unpaid after the initial 11 month period, CMS will recoup 50% of Medicare payments otherwise owed to the Company during the following six months. Interest will begin accruing on any amount of the AAPP funds that we received from CMS that remain unpaid following those recoupment periods. CMS will issue a repayment letter to the Company for any such outstanding amounts, which must be paid in full within 30 days from the date of the letter. The Company intends to repay the full amount before any interest accrues.
During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized $18.1 million of net service revenue due to the suspension of the 2% sequestration payment adjustment. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized $19.2 million of net service revenue due to the suspension of LTACH site-neutral payments. As of December 31, 2020, the Company deferred $51.8 million of employer social security taxes, which $25.9 million was recorded in current liabilities - deferred employer payroll tax and $25.9 million was recorded in other long term liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets.