Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Significant Events

v3.22.1
Basis of Presentation and Significant Events
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Significant Events Basis of Presentation and Significant Events
Organization
LHC Group, Inc. (the “Company”) is a health care provider specializing in the post-acute continuum of care. The Company provides services through five segments: home health, hospice, home and community-based services, facility-based services, the latter primarily through long-term acute care hospitals (“LTACHs”), and healthcare innovations services ("HCI").
As of March 31, 2022, the Company, through its wholly- and majority-owned subsidiaries, equity joint ventures, controlled affiliates, and management agreements operated 956 service locations in 37 states within the continental United States and the District of Columbia.
LHC Group, Inc. and UnitedHealth Group Incorporated Merger
On March 28, 2022, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") with UnitedHealth Group Incorporated ("Parent") and Lightning Merger Sub Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent ("Merger Sub"), pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into the Company (the "Merger"), with the Company surviving the Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. The consummation of the Merger, which is subject to customary conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, is expected to occur during the second half of 2022.
COVID-19 Update
SARS-CoV-2 ("COVID-19") continues to cause disruption in the economy, in terms of increased costs and disruptions in the labor market. The impact of COVID-19 is lessened as vaccines have become available in the United States; however, we continue to see periodic increases in the number of cases due to the spread of COVID-19 variants. The effects of COVID-19 continue to materially impact our business.  As a result, operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 may not be indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022, and operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 may not be directly comparable to operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
CARES Act
In response to COVID-19, the U.S. Government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act also provided financial hardship relief to Medicare providers impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in order to provide necessary funds when there is a disruption in Medicare claims submission and/or Medicare claims processing by distributing funds through the Accelerated and Advanced Payments Program ("CAAP").
In addition, the CARES Act suspended the 2% sequestration payment adjustments on Medicare patient claims with dates of service from May 1 through December 31, 2020, suspended the application of site-neutral payment for LTACH admissions that were admitted during the Public Health Emergency ("PHE"), and delayed payment of the employer portion of social security tax. On April 14, 2021, Congress passed legislation to continue the suspension of the 2% sequestration payment adjustments on Medicare patient claims with dates of service through December 31, 2021. On December 10, 2021, the Protecting Medicare and American Farmers from Sequester Cut Act legislation passed, which continued the suspension of the sequestration payment adjustments for Medicare patient claims with dates of service through March 31, 2022. Medicare patient claims with dates of service between April 1 through June 30, 2022 will have a 1% sequestration adjustment and Medicare patient claims with dates of service beginning July 1, 2022 will have a 2% sequestration adjustment. On April 12, 2022, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services extended the PHE until July 15, 2022.
CAAP
As of December 31, 2021, the Company had $106.5 million of accelerated payments under the CAAP, which was recorded in contract liabilities - deferred revenue in our condensed consolidated balance sheets in accordance with Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("Topic 606"). On October 1, 2020, the repayment and recoupment terms for CAAP funds were amended by the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2021 and Other Extensions Act, which provides that recoupment will begin one year from the date the CAAP funds were received. Under these revised terms, recoupment of CAAP will occur under a tiered approach. The repayment terms begin one year starting from the date the CAAP funds were issued and continues 11 months, with CMS recouping the initial 25% of Medicare payments otherwise owed to the
Company. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, $62.6 million was recouped by CMS and $43.9 million of contract liabilities - deferred revenue remains on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2022.
If any amount of CAAP funds that we received from CMS remain unpaid after the initial 11 month period, CMS recoups 50% of Medicare payments otherwise owed to the Company during the following six months. Interest will begin accruing on any amount of the CAAP funds that we received from CMS that remain unpaid following those recoupment periods. CMS will issue a repayment letter to the Company for any such outstanding amounts, which must be paid in full within 30 days from the date of the letter. The Company intends to repay the full amount before any interest accrues.
Other
During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $6.5 million and $6.4 million of net service revenue, respectively, due to the suspension of the 2% sequestration payment adjustment. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $6.5 million and $8.9 million of net service revenue, respectively, due to the suspension of LTACH site-neutral payments. As of March 31, 2022, the Company deferred $26.8 million of employer social security taxes, which was recorded in current liabilities - deferred employer payroll tax on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the related unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of stockholders' equity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, and related notes (collectively, these financial statements are referred to as the "interim financial statements" and together with the related notes are referred to herein as the “interim financial information”) have been prepared by the Company. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial information presented. This report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Form 10-K"), which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 24, 2022, as amended by Amendment No. 1 filed on Form 10-K/A filed by the Company on April 27, 2022 (the "Form 10-K Amendment"). The 2021 Form 10-K and Form 10-K Amendment include information and disclosures not included herein.