Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

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Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes Income Taxes
The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 benefited from $2.4 million of excess tax benefits associated with stock-based compensation arrangements and $2.2 million ($4.3 million and $2.1 million, as further described below) associated with increased tax benefits associated with the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act"). For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the effective tax rate benefited from $3.0 million of excess tax benefits associated with stock-based compensation arrangements.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the CARES Act was signed into law in March 2020. The CARES Act lifts certain deduction limitations originally imposed by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 ("2017 Tax Act"). Corporate taxpayers may carryback net operating losses ("NOLs") originating during 2018 through 2020 for up to five years, which was not previously allowed under the 2017 Tax Act. The CARES Act also eliminates the 80% of taxable income limitations by allowing corporate entities to fully utilize NOL carryforwards to offset taxable income in 2018, 2019, or 2020. Taxpayers may generally deduct
interest up to the sum of 50% of adjusted taxable income plus business interest income (30% limit under the 2017 Tax Act) for tax years beginning January 1, 2019 and 2020. The CARES Act allows taxpayers with alternative minimum tax credits to claim a refund in 2020 for the entire amount of the credits instead of recovering the credits through refunds over a period of years, as originally enacted by the 2017 Tax Act. In addition, the CARES Act raises the corporate charitable deduction limit to 25% of taxable income and makes qualified improvement property generally eligible for 15-year cost-recovery and 100% bonus depreciation. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 benefited from a $4.3 million impact from the enactment of the CARES Act. There was no material impact to our net deferred tax assets as of September 30, 2020.

U.S. GAAP prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the accounting and financial statement disclosure of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  The evaluation of a tax position is a two-step process.  The first step requires the Company to determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position.  The second step requires the Company to recognize in the financial statements each tax position that meets the more likely than not criteria, measured at the amount of benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized.  The Company’s unrecognized tax benefits would affect the tax rate, if recognized.  The Company includes the full amount of unrecognized tax benefits in other noncurrent liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.  The Company anticipates it is reasonably possible an increase or decrease in the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could be made in the next twelve months. However, the Company does not presently anticipate that any increase or decrease in unrecognized tax benefits will be material to the consolidated financial statements. The impact of the CARES Act increased unrecognized tax benefits by $2.1 million, which also had an impact on the Company's effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company recognized $6.6 million and $3.9 million, respectively, in unrecognized tax benefits.