Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Significant Events

v3.20.2
Basis of Presentation and Significant Events
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Significant Events Basis of Presentation and Significant Events
Organization
LHC Group, Inc. (the “Company”) is a health care provider specializing in the post-acute continuum of care. The Company provides services through five segments: home health, hospice, home and community-based services, facility-based services, the latter primarily through long-term acute care hospitals (“LTACHs”), and healthcare innovations services ("HCI").
As of September 30, 2020, the Company, through its wholly- and majority-owned subsidiaries, equity joint ventures, controlled affiliates, and management agreements operated 823 service locations in 35 states within the continental United States and the District of Columbia.
COVID-19
The effects of the worldwide pandemic caused by the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) have materially impacted our business. 
In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, we promptly convened a cross-functional COVID-19 task force comprised of the Company's leaders that continually communicates with our clinicians and other employees concerning best practices and changes in Company policies and procedures. We also implemented contingency planning policies, whereby most employees in our home offices located in Louisiana and Kentucky are continuing to work remotely in compliance with CDC recommendations. We continue to invest in technology and equipment that allows our remote work force to provide continued and seamless functionality to our clinicians who continue to care for patients on service.
We have undertaken numerous measures to promote the safety of our clinicians and other employees. For example, we have prepared and distributed to our clinicians across the country special kits of personal protective equipment and other supplies needed to properly treat our patients during the COVID-19 outbreak, adopted social distancing guidelines for our agencies and our home offices located in Louisiana and Kentucky and posted reminder signs and markers throughout our work spaces, adopted additional cleaning procedures at all locations, installed plexiglass shields at work spaces that require a physical protective barrier, and instituted temperature check points in our agencies and home office campuses. These and other measures have altered numerous clinical, operational and business processes and significantly increases our supplies and services costs.
In addition, we have implemented a number of programs to support our employees, including a pandemic grant program that supports employees experiencing financial hardships, retirement plan amendments, special cash-in opportunities for accumulated paid time off, expanded offerings in our employee assistance program, a wage supplement program designed to restore lost wages for front line patient care employees that qualified, and a paid time off replenishment program designed to restore certain hours of paid time off for front line patient care employees that qualified and for any employees who previously donated their paid time off hours to these front line patient care employees.
CARES Act
In response to COVID-19, the U.S. Government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act was passed to provide $100 billion of Provider Relief Funds for distribution to eligible providers who provided diagnoses, testing, or care for individuals with a possible or actual case of COVID-19, specifically to reimburse providers for health care related expenses related to the prevention of the spread of COVID-19, preparations for treating cases of COVID-19 positive patients, and for lost revenues attributable to COVID-19. The CARES Act also provided financial hardship relief to Medicare providers impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in order to provide necessary funds when there is a disruption in Medicare claims submission and/or Medicare claims processing by distributing funds through the Accelerated and Advanced Payments Program ("AAPP").
In addition, the CARES Act suspended the 2% sequestration payment adjustments on Medicare patient claims with dates of service from May 1 through December 31, 2020, suspended the application of site-neutral payment for LTACH admissions that were admitted during the Public Health Emergency ("PHE"), and delayed payment of the employer portion of social security tax.
Provider Relief Fund
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company received $4.6 million and $93.3 million, respectively, in payments from the Provider Relief Fund. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized $44.4 million related to these funds in government stimulus income in our condensed consolidated statements of income. This was recorded in accordance with IAS 20, Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company reversed $44.4 million, such that the Company has recognized no funds from the Provider Relief Fund as of the nine months ended September 30, 2020. Based on the Company's improved and projected financial results, the Company intends to return these funds to the government and has recorded a short-term liability of $93.3 million in government stimulus advance in our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
AAPP
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company received $317.9 million of accelerated payments under the AAPP, which was recorded in contract liabilities - deferred revenue in our condensed consolidated balance sheet in accordance with Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("Topic 606"). When we received these AAPP funds in April 2020, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ("CMS") issued guidance that any AAPP funds that were not then repaid to CMS would be automatically recouped from Medicare amounts otherwise payable to us by CMS beginning 120 days after our receipt of such funds, until all AAPP funds have been completely repaid to or recouped by CMS. As of September 30, 2020, CMS had not recouped any of the advanced payments provided to the Company under AAPP.
On October 1, 2020, the repayment and recoupment terms for AAPP funds were amended by the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2021 and Other Extensions Act, which provides that recoupment will begin one year from the date the AAPP funds were received. Under these revised terms, recoupment of AAPP will occur under a tiered approach. Beginning in the second quarter of 2021 and continuing for 11 months, CMS will recoup 25% of Medicare payments otherwise owed to the Company. If any amount of AAPP funds that we received from CMS remain unpaid after the initial 11 month period, CMS will recoup 50% of Medicare payments otherwise owed to the Company during the following six months. Interest will begin accruing on any amount of the AAPP funds that we received from CMS that remain unpaid following those recoupment periods. CMS will issue a repayment letter to the Company for any such outstanding amounts, which must be paid in full within 30 days from the date of the letter. The Company intends to repay the full amount before any interest accrues.
Other
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized $6.5 million and $11.5 million of net service revenue due to the suspension of the 2% sequestration payment adjustment. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized $6.4 million and $11.1 million of net service revenue due to the suspension of LTACH site-neutral payments. As of September 30, 2020, the Company deferred $33.6 million of employer social security taxes, which was recorded in other long term liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the related unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of changes in equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, and related notes (collectively, these financial statements are referred to as the "interim financial statements" and together with the related notes are referred to herein as the “interim financial information”) have been prepared by the Company. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial information presented. This report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the "2019 Form 10-K"). The 2019 Form 10-K was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 27, 2020, and includes information and disclosures not included herein.    
Immaterial Correction of an Error
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company increased the reported number of common shares issued by 9,058 and 56,738, respectively, decreased the reported number of treasury shares by 368, and reclassified the reported number of treasury shares by 4,307 and 30,217 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 due to the exclusion of reporting the number of common shares issued as a result of the exercise of certain outstanding stock options and the number of treasury shares redeemed to pay income tax associated with such stock option exercises. For further details of this noted item, see Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the 2019 10K filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020.
The Company has evaluated the effects both qualitatively and quantitatively, and concluded that they did not have a material impact on previously issued financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.